Lorrain, le


Lorrain, le
(1600-1682) (Claude Lorrain; Claude Gelée)
   painter and engraver
   Born in Champagne, near Mirecourt, Claude Gelée, or le Lorrain as he is better known, is with nicolas poussin one of the greatest masters of 17th-century idealized landscape painting. of peasant origin, he followed his brother, a wood engraver, and settled in Fribourg-en-Brisgau. Impoverished and nearly illiterate, he then left for italy and probably worked in Naples. In Rome in 1619, he worked for the landscape artist Agostino Tassi, who introduced him to painting. Returning to France in 1625, he worked eventually for the duke of Lorraine but then left again for Rome (1627), where he stayed for the rest of his life. By 1637, his work was being recognized and appreciated by Pope Urban VIII and various French and English architects. He dedicated himself to landscape painting and did numerous scenes of the Roman countryside, with his particular contribution to the idealized landscape genre being his masterly treatment of light. His stylistic evolution falls into three main periods. His early landscapes often feature slanting and other experimental light effects, especially in harbor scenes (Port de mer au soleil couchant, 1639, louvre). At this time (1644), he also began compiling his Liber veritatis, a collection of skteches of his works, to guard against forgeries. After approximately 1640, his work became more tranquil, as he used warmer and lighter tones (Les Quatres Heures du jour). Finally, during the 1660s, although he returned to his earlier themes, Le Lorrain shows in his work a tendency to a more symbolic and visionary style, with a cooler color range (Psyché devant le palais de l'Amour, 1664), that often depicts an imagined antiquity.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • lorrain — lorrain, aine [ lɔrɛ̃, ɛn ] adj. et n. • Loherenc 1080; du nom de la province; lat. médiév. Lotharingia, Lotherengia ♦ De Lorraine, province de l est de la France. Le fer, le charbon lorrain. Cuis. Quiche lorraine. Potée lorraine. ♢ N. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LORRAIN (C.) — De tout temps Claude Lorrain a été regardé comme le représentant le plus éminent du paysage classique. Le terme même s’identifie avec son nom. Grâce à ses bases réalistes, son art dépasse cependant les limites du classicisme, ce qui explique que… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lorrain —   [lɔ rɛ̃],    1) Claude, eigentlich C. Gellée [ʒe ], genannt Le Lorrain [lə ], französischer Maler, Zeichner und Radierer, * Chamagne (bei Épinal) 1600, ✝ Rom 23. 11. 1682; kam mit 13 oder 14 Jahren nach Rom, hielt sich um 1618 22 in Neapel und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lorrain — bezeichnet: einen französischen Dialekt, siehe Lothringisch (Romanisch) Die Personen: Claude Lorrain, (1600 1682), französischer Maler Jean Lorrain, (1855 1906), französischer Schriftsteller Robert Le Lorrain, (1666–1743), französischer Bildhauer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LORRAIN (J.) — LORRAIN PAUL DUVAL dit JEAN (1855 1906) Romancier et conteur fantastique, Jean Lorrain fut une sorte de dandy obsédé par la perversité. Cet ancien militaire se met à écrire des poèmes immoraux avec une complaisance évidente pour le monde de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lorrain — may refer to:* Claude Lorrain (1600–82), a 17th century French artist of the baroque style * Lorrain language, a Romance dialect spoken in Lorraine region in France and Gaume region in Belgium See also * Lorraine …   Wikipedia

  • Lorrain — (spr. Lorräng), Claude Gelée, s. Claude Lorrain …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lorrain — (spr. löräng), 1) Jean, mit wahrem Namen Paul Duval, franz. Schriftsteller, geb. 9. Aug. 1856 in Fécamp als Sohn eines angesehenen Reeders, erhielt seine Jugendbildung in Paris, widmete sich freiwillig dem Husarendienst in Algier, dann der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lorrain — Lorrain, franz. Maler, s. Claude Lorrain …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lorrain — Lorrain, s. Claude Lorrain …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lorrain — Claude see CLAUDE LORRAIN * * * …   Universalium


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